The report studies how solar and wind energy affect the environment, economy, and society by analyzing “macroeconomic variables.” These variables include value added, gross domestic product, welfare, and jobs created at each stage of installing and maintaining renewable energy projects. It details for policymakers how they could take advantage of various economic opportunities that may be offered by solar and wind sector development. It shows how policies could help build domestic industry through investment, technology transfer, strengthening firm-level capabilities, and promoting education, training, research, and innovation.
IRENA Director-General Adnan Z. Admin said in a statement, “As many economies are still recovering from the global financial crisis, renewable energy offers an opportunity to grow economies, improve energy security, enhance energy access, and mitigate climate change. Policy makers around the world are exploring ways to stimulate social and economic growth through the renewable energy sector, and this report is an important step to support them on this path.”
The report was put out before the EPA’s proposal for reducing carbon emissions by 30% by 2030 compared with 2005 levels (meaning we’re already almost halfway there!). This means that policy-wise, we’re already seeing a step in the right direction. One of the often-repeated arguments against the EPA's proposal is that it will destroy the economy, especially in coal-intensive states (some may even say that it will be “a dagger in the heart of the American middle class” -- and by “some” I mean Senate Minority leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY)), but this has been thoroughly disproven. Yes, jobs in coal will most likely be lost, but that will be more than offset by the jobs created by clean energy sectors. Improved health also has economic benefits, and consumers will eventually be spending less on energy due to less demand on the grid.
The econValue report includes other potential policies and regulations that would lead to a boost in the economy. Even before the EPA analysis, which confirmed the findings of the report, those findings wouldn't have been a shocker to those in the know. Better yet, the potential of clean energy to create a better economy has only begun to be tapped.